2 Most commonly used types of coffee beans
Coffee shrubs belong to the coffea family, in the wild these shrubs can look more like trees and grow up to 20 meters. In cultivation they are kept small and look more like shrubs.
Coffee is grown in most countries around the equator Between 25 degrees north latitude and 30 degrees south latitude, this is also called the coffee belt.
For the consumption of coffee, we mainly use two types of the coffee plant, namely the Robusta and the Arabica variant.
Robusta coffee beans
Robusta is a smaller coffee bean, which is also rounder than the arabica coffee bean. In addition, it is also more powerful and harder in taste than the arabica.
The Robusta grows better in the lower warmer places compared to its relative. In addition, it is more resistant to harmful external influences.
The Robusta is mostly grown in Africa, Brazil and Asia.
In general, this coffee bean is used in the cheaper blends. And is often harvested mechanically. Many quick filter grinds often also contain robust coffee beans.
Arabica coffee beans
The Arabica coffee beans are somewhat more oval in shape. The color is often yellowish to blue-grey. This shrub needs about an area of 2 by 2 meters.
This coffee bean is mostly grown in South and Central America, with Brazil as the absolute champion of coffee production.
With the Arabica coffee beans you often see that the type of bean is mentioned, for example you have probably seen the following names: Bourbon, Maragogype or Blue Mountain.